Force Field

Solar modulation potential based on proton proxies

Data set of monthly solar modulation potential values (1973-2017) derived from 1.28 GV proton proxies IMP-8 He and ACE/CRIS C

An Empirical Modification of the Force Field Approach to Describe the Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays Close to Earth in a Broad Range of Rigidities

On their way through the heliosphere, galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) are modulated by various effects before they can be detected at Earth. This process can be described by the Parker equation, which calculates the phase space distribution of GCRs …